4.1. Code of Ethics. The University Code of Ethics shall be applicable to all Law School constituencies.
4.2. Indiana Tech Law School Honor Code. The purpose of the Indiana Tech Law School Honor Code (Honor Code) is to provide advance knowledge of the rules and regulations used in maintaining an environment that supports trust, respect, honesty, civility, free inquiry, creativity, and an open exchange of ideas. Individual rights are best protected by a collective commitment to mutual respect. Every Law School student is responsible for reading and understanding this Honor Code. This Honor Code is intended to identify the basic rights, responsibilities, and expectations of all students and student groups and to serve as a guide for the overall student experience at the Law School. A student who accepts admission to Indiana Tech Law School agrees to:
4.2.1. Be ethical in his or her participation in the academic community;
4.2.2. Take responsibility for what he or she says and does;
4.2.3. Behave in a manner that is respectful of the dignity of others, treating others with civility and understanding; and
4.2.4. Use University resources and facilities in appropriate ways consistent with their purpose and in accordance with applicable polices.
4.3. Interrelationship Between Code of Ethics and Law School Honor Code. The Honor Code adopts the Code of Ethics of Indiana Tech and expands upon it. The Code of Ethics is the moral cornerstone of Indiana Tech Law School. The Code of Ethics provides the common thread woven through the many aspects of this institution and creates a community of trust and respect affecting fundamentally the relationships of all its members. The Law School expects all students to act with integrity while displaying the following principles of honesty, accountability, respect, and professionalism in actions, words, and appearance on and off campus. The purpose of the Honor Code is to develop in the students of the Law School the desire to attain and maintain a high degree of honor and integrity and to strive for excellence in the study and eventual practice of law.
4.4. Purpose. The Honor Code establishes the rules that govern student conduct with respect to the Law School. The Honor Code works in conjunction with the Code of Ethics of the Law School at large. The Honor Code places on the student the responsibility for his/her conduct relating to the profession to which they aspire. Finally, this Honor Code establishes the Honor Council, its rules and regulations, and the ethical standards that shall govern all persons involved in the Honor Code system.
4.5. Applicability. The Law School Honor Code governs the conduct of law students commencing with the date of Orientation to Law School through the date of graduation unless otherwise provided. Admission shall be defined as the time when the student starts law school and is provided with a copy of this Honor Code. Graduation shall be defined as the posting of the degree to the student’s official University record. Conduct reported after graduation is not covered in this Honor Code, though it may have taken place prior to the posting of the degree to the student’s record in the Registrar’s Office. However, when a violation of the Honor Code is reported and there is reason to believe that the accused may be close to graduation as herein defined, the Dean shall take steps to postpone the graduation until a final decision on the matter is made. All violations of the Honor Code shall be reported to each bar examiner where a graduate intends to sit for the bar exam.
4.6. Constructive Notice. Every law student, from the date of Orientation to Commencement, shall be charged with knowledge of all provisions of this Honor Code. To that end, an online copy of this Honor Code shall be made available to every student upon his/her initial registration at the Law School. A hard copy shall also be placed in the Student Organizations’ office as well as the Assistant Dean for Career Placement or Assistant Dean for Student Services. Lack of such placement or failure of a person to obtain this Honor Code does not constitute a defense to a charge or violation of the provisions of this Honor Code. It is also no defense that the accused was ignorant of the provisions of this Honor Code.
4.7. Conduct Subject to Sanctions. Engaging in any of the conduct below, whether committed on campus, during academic activities or during Law School-sponsored activities off campus, will constitute a violation of the Honor Code and will subject the violating student to sanctions.
4.8. Academic Dishonesty. A student’s submission of written work for academic credit is deemed to certify her or his exclusive authorship without any assistance not specifically authorized by the Professor. Academic dishonesty is defined as any conduct by which the student creates for him/herself or for others an unfair or false evaluation in connection with any examination or other work for academic credit. Cheating, fabrication and plagiarism are examples of conduct that is academically dishonest.
4.8.1. “Cheating” is the unauthorized use of materials in connection with an examination or other work for academic credit, including, but not limited to:
220.127.116.11. The use of books, notes, outlines, etc. during an examination where the instructor has not authorized in writing the use of such materials or information;
18.104.22.168. Seeking unauthorized materials or information from others in connection with an examination;
22.214.171.124. Giving or attempting to give unauthorized assistance to a person in connection with an examination;
126.96.36.199. Obtaining or attempting to obtain unauthorized copies of examinations;
Updated: August 15, 2015 20 Proprietary Document – Indiana Tech Law School
188.8.131.52. Bringing to an examination, or attempting to use during an examination, unauthorized answers which have been prepared before the examination period;
184.108.40.206. Copying or attempting to copy from the work of another student during an examination;
220.127.116.11. Submitting for evaluation in a course, part or the whole of a work for which credit has been given previously; and
18.104.22.168. Using a cellular telephone or other electronic device to seek assistance or answers during an examination, unless authorized by a Professor.
22.214.171.124. “Fabrication” is the invention, counterfeiting and/or alteration of quotations, data, procedures, experiments, sources or other information for which the student claims authorship in an exercise which he or she submits with the expectation of receiving academic credit.
126.96.36.199. “Plagiarism” is the use of the ideas, words, or work of another without attribution, whether intentional or negligent, when the information provided is not common knowledge, either in content or form, and includes, but is not limited to:
188.8.131.52. Quoting from the published or unpublished work of another without appropriate attribution; and
184.108.40.206. Paraphrasing or summarizing in one’s own work any portion of the published or unpublished materials of another without attribution
220.127.116.11. “Forgery” is the unauthorized alteration or unauthorized use of any Law School document or record, or any instrument or form of identification.
4.8.2. Misuse of Academic Materials. The misuse of academic materials includes, but is not limited to, the following:
18.104.22.168. Stealing, damaging, or destroying library or reference materials or computer programs;
22.214.171.124. Stealing, damaging, or destroying another student’s notes or materials, or having such materials in one’s possession without the owner’s permission;
126.96.36.199. Receiving assistance in locating or using sources of information in an assignment when such assistance has been forbidden by the instructor;
188.8.131.52. Illegitimate possession, disposition, or use of examinations or answer keys to examinations;
184.108.40.206. Unauthorized sale or purchase of examinations, papers, or assignments.
4.8.3. Unauthorized Collaborating. Collaborating with another person on an assignment or examination without authorization from the designated professor.
4.8.4. Possessing an Unreleased Examination. Knowingly obtaining, using, buying, selling or soliciting in whole or in part the contents of an unreleased examination.
4.8.5. Unauthorized Distribution. Without the express permission of the instructor, the selling, distributing, website posting, or publishing course lecture notes, handouts, readers, recordings, or other information provided by an instructor, or using them for any commercial purpose.
4.8.6. Falsifying Class Attendance. Falsifying class attendance to misrepresent regular and punctual class class-hour requirements.
4.8.7. Violations Concerning the Library. The following conduct, if committed by a Law School student in the Law Library will subject the student to sanctions under this Honor Code.
4.8.8. Damaging, destroying, or concealing any property belonging to or deposited in the law school library;
220.127.116.11. Tampering with, altering, circumventing, or destroying any educational material or resource in a manner that deprives any student of fair access or reasonable use of that material or resource;
18.104.22.168. Removing, defacing, or deliberately keeping from other students library materials that are on reserve for specific courses;
22.214.171.124. Possessing any property belonging to or deposited in the law school library without complying with the prescribed procedures governing the circulation of library materials; or
126.96.36.199. Unreasonably retaining reserved library materials and textbooks past the given return date.
4.8.9. Conduct Reportable to the Bar Examiners. A violation of any local, state and/or federal law that may result in the requirement to revise or amend the previously submitted National Conference of Bar Examiner’s Character and Fitness Application, Declaration of Intent to Study Law, or any state required disclosure notice to any bar.
Examples in some jurisdictions may include:
188.8.131.52. Violation of any federal, state, city or county law, ordinance or regulation.
184.108.40.206. Violation of lawful and authorized rules and regulations for the operation or administration of the Law School’s facilities, student facilities, or other University facilities.
220.127.116.11. Reprimands for misconduct at the Law School or University. All penalties are subject to disclosure to the Board of Law Examiners to the extent so required.
4.8.10. Disruptive Behavior. Students, faculty, and staff have the right to be free from acts or threats of substantially disruptive behavior and/or physical violence, including intimidation, harassment and/or coercion, which involve or affect the Law School community. Disruptive conduct is an act that, actually does or foreseeably could, substantially impair, interfere with, or obstruct the orderly conduct, processes, and functions of the Law School or the rights of other members of the Law School community. Disruptive conduct includes, but is not limited to:
18.104.22.168. Any act which tampers with the election(s) of any law student organization or group including major violations of the SBA Election Rules;
22.214.171.124. Any act which deliberately interferes with the academic freedom of any member or guest of the University community;
126.96.36.199. A false report of an explosive or incendiary device, which constitutes a threat or bomb scare;
188.8.131.52. Breach of the peace: an individual or collective act that breaches the peace at the Law School and/or at University sponsored/related functions. Breach of peace may also be acts which aid, abet, or procure another person to breach the peace at the Law School and/or at University sponsored/related functions;
184.108.40.206. Failure to comply with oral or written instruction(s) from duly authorized University officials (i.e. faculty, staff, administration, residence hall staff) acting within the scope of their job duties or law enforcement officers acting in furtherance of the performance of their duties;
220.127.116.11. Hindering or interfering with the Student Honor Code Process by failing to obey and notices to appear for a student conduct meeting or hearing; and/or attempting to discourage an individual’s proper participating in, or use of, the Student Honor Code Process;
18.104.22.168. Sabotaging or stealing another person’s assignment, book, paper, notes, project, electronic hardware or software; or
22.214.171.124. Interference with the course of instruction to the detriment of other students.
4.8.11. Harassment and Intimidation. The University and Law School strive to provide all students with an environment free from any form of harassment because of the student’s race, gender, gender identity or expression, religion, age, sexual orientation, national origin, immigration status, or disability. The University will not tolerate harassment or any other discriminatory conduct from students. Such conduct will result in disciplinary action up to and including dismissal from the Law School.
126.96.36.199. Prohibited intimidation and harassment, sexual or otherwise, is unwelcome, on- or off-campus physical conduct or on-campus speech by or toward a member or guest of the University community that is offensive, severe, repeated, or pervasive and does or could substantially interfere with an individual’s work or academic performance or with students’ rights.
4.8.12. Bullying. The University and Law School strive for a comfortable and respectful learning environment, free of bullying and intimidating behavior. Bullying is a deliberate attempt to make another person feel threatened or have power over them. Bullying includes but is not limited to:
188.8.131.52. Physical contact in an unwanted fashion;
184.108.40.206. Extortion demands of money or task;
220.127.116.11. Slander or spreading gossip; and/or
18.104.22.168. Cyber bullying which includes texts and all social networks.
4.8.13. Retaliation and Malicious Reporting. The Law School will make every reasonable effort to protect from retaliation individuals who are involved in reporting an Honor Code violation. Retaliation, whether by an individual, a group of individuals, or an organization, against anyone who makes an inquiry about discrimination, harassment, bullying, or sexual misconduct, or who is involved in a complaint process constitutes a violation of this policy. The malicious reporting of a false complaint of discrimination, harassment, bullying, sexual misconduct, or retaliation is also a violation of this policy. Retaliatory action or malicious reporting will be regarded as a basis for a separate complaint under this policy and the referenced procedures.
4.8.14. Academic Misconduct at Another Institution. Acts which would be a violation of this Honor Code if committed at the Law School, but which were committed while temporally enrolled at another academic institution.
4.8.15. Theft From or Damage to the Law School Premises. Theft from or damage of the Law School premises or theft of or damage to property of a member of the law school community.
4.8.16. Failure to Report Honor Code Violation Within Five Days. A student who has reasonable grounds to believe that an offense (other than a library offense) has been committed shall report such offense to the student Honor Committee representative, a dean, or any faculty member not later than five days (including holidays but not Saturdays or Sundays) from discovery. The five-day period shall be used to determine when the failure to report an offense itself becomes an Honor Code offense.
4.8.17. Guidelines for Enforcing the Honor Code.
22.214.171.124. Students. A student who has reasonable grounds to believe that an offense (other than a library offense) has been committed shall report such offense to the student Honor Committee representative, a dean, or any faculty member not later than five days (including holidays but not Saturdays or Sundays) from discovery.
126.96.36.199. Library. Any person who has reasonable grounds to believe that a library offense has been committed shall immediately report the offense to a Reference Librarian. A Reference Librarian to whom a report has been made or who has reasonable grounds to believe that a library offense has been committed, shall forthwith make an investigation and report the offense to the Library Dean. If satisfied that an offense has occurred, the Library Dean shall promptly submit to the Dean a written report of the offense.
188.8.131.52. Faculty. A faculty member who discovers an offense or to whom an offense is reported shall, unless the member deals with it directly, report the offense to the Dean as soon as possible.
184.108.40.206. Penalties. The penalties that may be imposed for the Honor Code violations include, but are not limited to, all those listed directly below.
220.127.116.11.1. Reprimand. The student shall be advised in writing that his conduct falls below the accepted standards of the school.
18.104.22.168.2. Probation. The student remains enrolled in law school, but under stated conditions for a period of time.
22.214.171.124.3. Failing Grade. The student shall be given a grade of F in the course, to be calculated either as .5 or 0, as designated by the Honor Committee.
126.96.36.199.4. Damages. The student shall be assessed damages in an amount reasonably related to the losses sustained.
188.8.131.52.5. Suspension. The student shall be suspended for a stated period not to exceed two years except with a majority vote of the faculty. This period may begin during or at the close of a semester.
184.108.40.206.6. Expulsion. Expulsion shall be imposed only upon the unanimous recommendation of the Honor Committee followed by a majority vote of the faculty. The student who has been expelled is not entitled to be readmitted.
4.8.18. Honor Code Procedures.
220.127.116.11. Informal Procedure. A faculty member who discovers an offense or to whom an offense is reported may deal directly with the offense if it involves an examination, written work, or falsification, in a matter under that faculty member’s jurisdiction. No penalty may be imposed by the faculty member without first notifying the student and affording the student a full opportunity to respond to the charge. No faculty member may expel, suspend, or place a student on probation. A faculty member shall report to the student and the Dean and the Dean’s delegate any penalty imposed and the offense involved. The identity of the student shall be reported to the Dean or the Dean’s delegate. Such record shall be retained by the Dean.
18.104.22.168. Reference of Offense(s) to the Honor Committee. Whenever the Dean is informed of a possible offense (other than an offense which has been handled in accordance with the Informal Procedure above), the Dean may resolve the matter or refer the matter to the Honor Committee. After consultation with the faculty member, the Dean may refer to the Honor Committee any offense handled in accordance with the Informal Procedure set forth above within ten (10) calendar days of the report to the Dean. Any student who has received a penalty in accordance with the Informal Procedure set forth above and who denies having committed the offense may have the matter referred to the Honor Committee by informing the Dean within ten (10) calendar days of the report to the student.
22.214.171.124. Composition of the Honor Committee. The Honor Committee shall consist of two faculty members appointed by the Dean at the time a matter is referred to the Committee, and a student elected on an annual basis by the student body at large. An alternate will also be elected to serve in the event the elected student representative cannot serve. The Dean shall not appoint the faculty member(s) responsible for the class or subject matter that involves the alleged violation. When the alleged violation is first presented to the Honor Committee for consideration, the Honor Committee will determine, as a whole, whether any Honor Committee member has a conflict of interest or a bias which will favor or disfavor the alleged student violator in a way that may adversely affect due process. If, for any reason, the student representative is unable to sit on the Honor Committee, the alternate shall serve in the student’s place.
4.8.19. Honor Committee Procedure.
126.96.36.199. The Honor Committee shall use procedures it deems appropriate to determine the facts de novo and to recommend any penalty for any matter referred to it. The Committee shall consult with the complainant reporting the offense and any faculty member who reported the offense to the Dean or Dean, give notice of any alleged offense to the student involved, and give the student an opportunity to fully present orally his or her side of the story before any determination is made regarding the facts or penalty. If, for any reason, the student representative is unable to sit on the Honor Committee, the alternate shall serve in the student’s place. The student involved may be represented by counsel at the student’s expense to the extent that does not unreasonably delay the proceedings.
188.8.131.52. Proceedings before the Honor Committee shall be concluded as expeditiously as possible, consistent with ascertaining the facts and ensuring the integrity of the process. Only in extraordinary cases should the period from Committee referral to resolution exceed three weeks.
184.108.40.206. The Honor Committee shall determine the facts de novo in any case that was handled directly by a faculty member through the Informal Procedure set forth above. If an offense is found, the Committee shall not recommend any reduction of any penalty imposed pursuant to such procedure, but it may in its discretion recommend an additional penalty. If no offense is found, the faculty member who handled the matter directly under the Informal Procedure set forth above shall withdraw any penalty imposed.
220.127.116.11. Upon completion of its proceedings, the Honor Committee shall report to the accused student and the Dean (a) its determinations of the facts, (b) it decision whether an offense was committed, and (c) its recommendation as to penalties.
18.104.22.168. The Dean shall impose the appropriate penalty and report it to the student.
22.214.171.124. Records. The Honor Committee shall make such record of its proceedings as it deems necessary to support its determinations. The records shall be retained by the Dean. Suspension or expulsion shall be reflected in the student’s official transcript. Annually, the Dean shall report statistics regarding the operation of the Honor Code, including offenses found and penalties imposed.
4.8.20. Code of Conduct.
126.96.36.199. Attendance Policy. In accordance with Standard 304 of the American Bar Association for Approval of Law Schools, the Law School requires regular and punctual class attendance to satisfy residency and class-hour requirements. In order to be eligible to take the final examination and receive academic credit for a course, a student must have attended a minimum of 85% of the classes for the course. A student who attends fewer than the 85% minimum of classes will be withdrawn automatically from the course, will not be allowed to sit for the final examination, and may be administratively assigned a grade of “F” for the course.
188.8.131.52. The 85% minimum attendance policy does not preclude faculty members from imposing stricter, more demanding attendance requirements for their courses. Faculty will take attendance in classes. It is the obligation of each student to ensure that his/her attendance has been recorded. Falsifying class attendance is a violation of the Honor Code.
184.108.40.206. Cell Telephones, Pagers and other Electronic Devices Policy. In order to maintain a professional atmosphere in which members of the law school community can effectively learn and study, all cell phones, pagers and other electronic devices must be kept silent or turned off while the student is in classrooms, the law library, and the courtroom.
220.127.116.11. Computer Use Policy. The University provides computing and network resources to support the Law School’s instruction, research, and service missions. Access to these networks and computer systems is granted subject to certain responsibilities and obligations, and subject to all local, state, and federal laws. All computer and network use must be legal, ethical, consistent with the Law School’s mission, and in compliance with the University.
18.104.22.168. When using computers and University network resources on campus, students must at all times respect the privacy, rights and sensibilities of others and exercise good judgment and consider others in selecting and viewing content that is not offensive, distasteful, inflammatory, harassing or otherwise unacceptable, especially where access might be shared or available to others.
22.214.171.124. While using the computer and network resources students must demonstrate respect for intellectual property, ownership of data, system security mechanisms, and respect for individuals’ rights to privacy and to freedom from intimidation and harassment. The following uses of the Law School’s computers are prohibited:
126.96.36.199.1. Circumvention of any security measure of the Law School or another entity;
188.8.131.52.2. Intentional use, distribution or creation of viruses, worms or other malicious software;
184.108.40.206.3. Unauthorized copying or unauthorized distribution of licensed software or copyrighted material;
220.127.116.11.4. Accessing data that is not publicly available, does not belong to the user and for which the user does not have explicit permission to access; or accessing the law school computers in a manner designed to circumvent access limitations to public or restricted-access data (e.g., replicating a database by automated queries) without permission;
18.104.22.168.5. Use of the law school computers for organized political activity that is inconsistent with the University’s tax-exempt status;
22.214.171.124.6. Use of the law school computers that disables other in-house computers, consumes disproportionate computers such that other users are denied reasonable access to those resources or materially increases the costs of offering computer services to students.
126.96.36.199.7. Use of computers and access to network resources in the classroom are subject to the instructor’s discretion and, when permitted, must be for class related purposes only. Access to the internet during class is prohibited unless specifically authorized by the instructor.
188.8.131.52.8. Violations of this policy may result in suspension or revocation of access to the Law School’s computer and network resources and/or discipline pursuant to the Honor Code.
4.8.21. Electronic Mail Policy. As stated in §1.2.1, the University provides each student with an email account upon enrollment through access to the campus portal. The email system is maintained and supported by the University’s Information Systems and Services (ISS) staff. Faculty and staff use the university-provided email account as a primary means of communication with law students. Faculty and staff do not ordinarily send law school related communications to non- University email accounts.
4.8.22. A student’s official Indiana Tech email address will be the official address used by the Law School for relaying important messages regarding academic, financial, and administrative information and the Law School will consider it as the official notification for important information. It will be required, by your instructors, in the registration of specific online services such as TWEN or Blackboard to provide specific course information. If you prefer to use an alternate e-mail address to receive official University notices, you can forward your Indiana Tech email to a personal account.
4.8.23. Policy on Student Complaints. Student complaints are limited to complaints that seek to bring to the attention of the Law School a significant problem that directly implicates the School’s compliance with the ABA Standards Such complaints must be lodged in writing to the Dean. The Dean will respond to the complaint in writing within thirty days. The Dean’s decision is final. Complaints and records relating to them will be retained by the Law School for no less than seven years. Student complaints regarding grades must be pursued following the procedures in section 3.26.
4.8.24. Employment Limitation Policy. Although part-time employment in law-related fields can substantially assist law students both financially and professionally, such employment can also impose time pressures that detract significantly from law studies. First-year law student are strongly discouraged from working in any capacity during their first year, and are discouraged from working more than 20 hours per week in the second year. Dean.
4.8.25. Services for Students with Disabilities Policy. Students with disabilities that may interfere with their education may seek accommodations for their disability from the Dean. In order to receive an accommodation, the student must provide the following:
- a Student Responsibility Statement;
- an Informed Consent and Release of Information Form;
- written documentation to support the disability claim from a licensed physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, or other qualified professional; and
- a Request for Academic Accommodation(s).
The Dean’s decision whether to approve an accommodation will be final.
4.8.26. Tobacco Use Policy. In order to foster a professional, healthy, safe, and clean learning and working environment, Indiana Tech has adopted a smoke-free and tobacco-free policy. Under this policy, the use or sale of any tobacco products is prohibited on college-owned, operated, or leased property or vehicles at any time. The policy extends to all University property including inside personal vehicles while parked on the premises. Electronic cigarettes or other items used for vaping are included in this policy and are not permitted to be used on campus.
4.8.27. All employees and students share in the responsibility for adhering to and enforcing the policy. Employees or students who are found in violation of this policy are subject to disciplinary procedures up to and including dismissal. If you see someone violating the policy, it is your responsibility to remind that person that tobacco is not allowed to be used on campus. The University’s procedures for the enforcement of the policy are located at: http://www.indianatech.edu/about/policies/
4.8.28. Appropriate Dress Policy. The Law School requires its students to maintain a neat, well-groomed, appropriate appearance at the Law School and at all events related to attendance at the Law School.
4.8.29. Accommodations Policy. Students with disabilities that may interfere with their education may seek accommodations for their disability from the Dean. In order to receive an accommodation, the student must provide the Dean with (1) an Informed Consent and Release of Information Form; (2) written documentation to support the disability claim from a licensed physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, or other qualified professional; and (3) a Request for Academic Accommodation(s). All of the required forms are available online at the Law School Registrar tab on the Law School’s information portal, “My Indiana Tech.”
Once the Dean receives an accommodation request with the required documents, s/he will evaluate the request. If an accommodation is approved, the Dean will create an Access Plan, which is provided to the student, and which describes the nature of the accommodation(s) and the degree to which the student is to receive accommodation(s) for his or her disability. The Dean’s decision whether to approve an accommodation is final.
It is the student’s responsibility to provide his/her professors with a copy of the Access Plan as needed. The Dean retains a copy of the student’s Access Plan on file. It is the responsibility of the Dean to determine how to carry out the accommodations.